Turin is a city and major business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River, in front of Susa Valley and surrounded by the western Alpine arch. The population of the city proper is 911,823 while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million.
Turin is sometimes called the "cradle of Italian liberty", for having been the birthplace and home of notable politicians and people who contributed to the Risorgimento, such as Cavour. The city currently hosts some of Italy's best universities, colleges, academies, lycea and gymnasia, such as the six-century-old University of Turin and the Turin Polytechnic. Prestigious and important museums, such as the Museo Egizio and the Mole Antonelliana are also found in the city. Turin's several monuments and sights make it one of the world's top 250 tourist destinations, and the tenth most visited city in Italy in 2008.
The city used to be a major European political centre, being Italy's first capital city in 1861 and being home to the House of Savoy, Italy's royal family. Even though much of its political significance and importance had been lost by World War II, it became a major European crossroad for industry, commerce and trade, and currently is one of Italy's main industrial centres, being part of the famous "industrial triangle", along with Milan and Genoa. Turin is ranked third in Italy, after Milan and Rome, for economic strength. With a GDP of $58 billion, Turin is the world's 78th richest city by purchasing power, and as of 2010 has been ranked by GaWC as a Gamma- world city. Turin is also home to much of the Italian automotive industry.
Turin is located in northwest Italy. It is surrounded on the western and northern front by the Alps and on the eastern front by a high hill that is the natural prosecution of the hills of Monferrato. Four major rivers pass through the city: the Po and two of its tributaries, the Dora Riparia (later changed to "Duria Minor" by the Romans, from the Celtic duria meaning "water"), the Stura di Lanzo, and the Sangone.
Turin is located in a humid subtropical climate zone. This is in contrast to the Mediterranean climate characteristic of the coast of Italy. Winters are cold but dry, summers are mild in the hills and quite hot in the plains. Rain falls mostly during spring and autumn; during the hottest months, otherwise, rains are less usual but more strong (thunderstorms are usual). During the winter and autumn months banks of fog, which are sometimes very thick, form in the plains but rarely on the city because of its location at the end of the Susa Valley.
Turin may not have the absolutely world-beating nightlife options of Rome or be able to match Florence for elegance and its neighbor Milan for vibrancy. But that’s not to say that the city can’t hold its own when it comes to a night out, and it’s certainly not short of a bar or two. What’s more, because Turin doesn’t attract anything like the volume of tourists of the big Italian destinations, a night out in the city can be a more intriguingly local experience, with the obligatory smattering of party-happy international students, of course.
Bars, clubs and pubs in Turin
• Da Giancarlo: Via Murazzi del Po 45 Fiume Po, Tel: 011 81 74 72
• Lobelix: Via Corte d’Appello 15f, Tel: 011 436 72 06
• Stadio delle Alpi: Strade di Altessano N Turin, Tel: 011 73 29 47
• Mood: Via Battisti 3e, Tel: 011 566 08 09
• Jammin: Murazzi del Po 17-19 Fiume Po btwn Pontes Vittorio Emanuele I & Umberto I
• Stadio Olimpico di Torino: Corso Sebastopoli 123, Tel: 011 327 79 88
• Caffè Torino: Piazza San Carlo 204, Tel: 011 54 51 18
• Caffè Mulassano: Piazza Castello 15, Tel: 011 54 79 90
• San Tommaso 10: Via San Tommaso 10, Tel: 011 53 42 01
• Hiroshima Mon Amour: Via Carlo Bossoli, 83 Turin, Tel: +39 011 317 6636
• Tout Va S.A.S.: Via Gaudenzio Ferrari, 6 Turin, Tel: +39 011 882809
• Centralino Club: Via delle Rosine, 16 Turin, Tel: +39 011 817482
• Docks Dora: Via Valprato, 68 Turin, Tel: +39 011 851388
• Caffè Roberto: Via Po, 5 Turin, Tel: +39 011 839 0214